Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah
Asaf Jah III - Nizam III

1803 - 1829

Titles of Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah:

Asaf Jah III, Nizam III, Muzaffar ul-Mamaluk, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Akbar 'Ali Khan Bahadur, Fulad Jang, Nizam of Hyderabad

Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah, Asaf Jah III succeeded his father to the throne in 1803.

The third Nizam’s reign saw the affairs of Hyderabad degenerate into chaos and confusion. Coupled with gross financial mismanagement and the tightening hold of the British, Sikander Jah’s reign became merely nominal.

On account of the death of Azam-ul-Umara, his father’s leading minister in whose hands remained the decisions of state, the British Resident had managed to secure the appointment of Mir Alam, another faithful supporter of the British as the diwan (Prime Minister). An able minister, Mir Alam was responsible for establishing cordial relations with the British during this period.

Mir Alam’s tenure was followed that of the shrewd Raja Chandu Lal, who secured his own elevation as Peshkar to the Nizam. The period of Chandu Lal’s control of the state of Hyderabad was characterized by financial and administrative decay.

The Nizam watched powerlessly as conditions in his dominions steadily deteriorated. The administration of the state was in a bad shape, land tenures insecure, revenues unaccounted for and his own officers and ministers unreliable. The third Asaf Jah weakened further under the tightening hold of the British. In the same manner that brought his father’s end, Sikander Jah lost his infant daughter due to a sudden illness and was left inconsolable. The gradual shock led to his death in 1829.

Sikander Jah Asaf Jah III died on May 21st 1829 at sixty two after a reign of twenty six years. The area where the Hyderabad contingent of troops was stationed, located on the other side of the Hussain Sagar Lake was named in his honor as Secunderabad. This new city Secunderabad grew rapidly as the twin of the developing capital city of Hyderabad.

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Courtesy: Nizams' Jewellery

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