Asaf Jahi Dynasty

Hyderabad Nizams




Asaf Jahi Dynasty
Ancestry:
The family of the Nizams of Hyderabad is one of the most illustrious that ever came to India.

Khaja Abid, grandfather of the first Nizam, was born in Aliabad near Samarkhand in the kingdom of Bukhara. His father, Alam Shaik, was a well-known Sufi and celebrated man of letters. Alam Shaik originally belonged to Suhraward, a town in Kurdistan, and his descent can be traced to Shaik Shahabuddin Suhrawardy, who was a great spiritual teacher and author of eminent works of Islamic philosophy. Khaja Abid’s mother was of the family of Mir Hamdan, a distinguished Syed of Samarkhand.

Khaja Abid, who had held the high office of Qazi (Judge) and Shaik-ul-Islam, first visited India during the reign of Shah Jehan (Mughal Emperor) in 1655 on his way to Mecca. He presented himself at the Imperial Court where he won favours and robe of honour. He was offered a position in the Emperor’s service, which he agreed to accept after his return from Mecca.

In 1657 Khaja Abid returned from his pilgrimage and joined the service of Aurangzeb (Mughal Emperor). At that time Aurangzeb was in the Deccan preparing for the war of succession to the Mughal throne. Khaja Abid, besides being a learned man, was well versed in the art of war. Aurangzeb gave him an important post in the Imperial army. He was granted a high rank of 3000 Zat and 500 Sawars and the title of ‘Khan’.

After succeeding in the war of succession, Aurangzeb made him the Governor of Ajmer and subsequently of Multan with the title of ‘Qalich Khan’. He served the Emperor with distinction particularly during the early years of Aurangzeb’s reign while he was consolidating and restoring peace in his newly acquired territory.

On 30th January, 1687 during the siege of Golconda while leading the Imperial armies against the Qutb Shahi King, Qalich Khan died when he was struck fatally by a cannon ball.

Asafia Flag

Qalich Khan was survived by five sons, and his eldest son Shahabuddin Khan, entitled Ghaziuddin Khan Feroz Jung, earned the position of highest distiction in the Mughal Court. He married Safia Khanum, daughter of Saadullah Khan, the famous Prime Minister of Shah Jehan, and by her had a son named Qamaruddin, afterwards the celebrated Nizam-ul-Mulk, the founder of the Asaf Jahi Dynasty.

Asaf Jahi Rulers of Hyderabad

-Date of BirthRuledDied
Mir Qamaruddin Khan (Asaf Jah I)
11-07-1671
31-07-1724
to 1748
22-05-1748
* Mir Ahmed Ali Khan Nasir Jung Nizam-ud-daula
15-02-1712
23-05-1748
to 1750
05-12-1750
* Hidayath Mohiuddin Khan Muzaffar Jung
-
05-12-1750
to 1751
03-02-1751
* Syed Mohammed Khan Amir-ul-Mulk Salabat Jung
1718
03-02-1751
to 1762
11-09-1763
Nizam Ali Khan Nizam-ul-Mulk (Asaf Jah II)
24-02-1734
08-07-1762
to 1803
06-08-1803
Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah (Asaf Jah III)
11-11-1768
11-08-1803
to 1829
21-05-1829
Mir Farkhunda Ali Khan Nasir-ud-daula (Asaf Jah IV)
25-04-1794
23-05-1829
to 1859
17-05-1857
Mir Tahniat Ali Khan Afzal-ud-Daula (Asaf Jah V)
11-10-1827
18-05-1857
to 1869
26-02-1869
Mir Mahboob Ali Khan (Asaf Jah VI)
17-08-1866
29-02-1869
to 1911
29-08-1911
Mir Osman Ali Khan (Asaf Jah VII)
05-04-1886
18-09-1911
to 1948
24-02-1967

NOTE: * These three rulers are not enumerated in the serial order of the ASAF JAHs mainly because they were not granted the title of ASAF JAH by the Mughal Emperor.

Seven Asaf Jah Rulers


Mir Qamaruddin Chin Qilij Khan
Asaf Jah I (Nizam I)

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Nizam Ali Khan
Asaf Jah II (Nizam II)

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Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah
Asaf Jah III (Nizam III)

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Mir Farkhunda Ali Khan NasirudDaula
Asaf Jah IV (Nizam IV)

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Mir Tahniat Ali Khan Afzal-ud-Daula
Asaf Jah V (Nizam V)

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Mir Mahboob Ali Khan
Asaf Jah VI (Nizam VI)

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Mir Osman Ali Khan
Asaf Jah VII (Nizam VII)

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